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How to Craft the Perfect Latte: A Barista's Guide

Are you ready to elevate your latte-making skills to perfection? In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the step-by-step process of creating a delightful and well-balanced latte that will impress even the most discerning coffee connoisseurs. With a focus on precision, milk frothing techniques, and understanding the right coffee-to-milk ratios, you'll be well on your way to becoming a latte expert. So, let's dive in and discover the secrets to crafting the perfect latte!

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1. The Right Glass and Espresso Preparation

Begin with the proper equipment to set the foundation for a great latte. We recommend using a 220 ml glass for a single shot of coffee. For this, you'll need to extract 22.5 grams of coffee using a full double shot on a one-to-two ratio, resulting in 45 grams of yield. However, for a single shot, you only need 22.5 grams of yield. Ensure that the espresso is smooth and rich, as it will complement the milk perfectly.

2. Mastering Milk Frothing

The key to a delectable latte lies in the art of milk frothing. Aim to achieve around 10 ml of froth for a latte, creating a smooth and silky texture. Different coffee drinks call for varying froth levels, with a flat white typically having 5 ml and a cappuccino having 15 ml. For a more in-depth understanding of milk frothing, watch our other videos on milk training and steam pressure.

3. Achieving the Optimal Milk Temperature

The ideal temperature for your milk is around 65 degrees Celsius (149 degrees Fahrenheit). Steaming milk to this temperature ensures a silky-smooth texture that is neither overheated nor under-heated. With approximately four seconds of air added during steaming, you can achieve the perfect milk consistency.

4. Putting It All Together

Once you have your well-prepared espresso and perfectly frothed milk, it's time to put everything together. Gently pour the milk into the glass with the espresso, aiming for that 10 ml of froth. Observe the settling of the froth to ensure it remains at the desired level.

5. Understanding Coffee-to-Milk Ratios

In Australia, coffee-to-milk ratios vary depending on the cup size and type of coffee being prepared. For an 8-ounce takeaway cup (240 ml), a double ristretto is recommended. On the other hand, a 12-ounce cup (360 ml) calls for a full double extraction. It's essential to maintain consistency in the coffee-to-milk ratio to deliver a consistent and satisfying experience to your customers.


With this comprehensive guide, you now have all the tools and knowledge to create the perfect latte every time. Remember to prioritize precision in your coffee preparation, master the art of milk frothing, and maintain consistent coffee-to-milk ratios. Whether you're a home barista or a professional in a bustling cafe, the key to crafting the perfect latte lies in attention to detail and a passion for delivering an exceptional coffee experience.

Experiment with different coffee blends and milk frothing techniques to fine-tune your latte-making skills further. And don't forget, practice makes perfect! If you have any questions or need further guidance, feel free to leave a comment below. Subscribe to our channel for more coffee-related content, hit the bell icon, and stay tuned for our next coffee adventure. Cheers to your journey towards mastering the art of the perfect latte!


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