Skip to content

FREE Shipping Australia Wide on 1kg and 2kg Coffee Subscriptions + FREE Shipping on all orders over $60

Milk Part 1 - How to froth & stretch milk for the perfect texture.

Mastering the Art of Frothing Milk: Techniques and Tips


Are you struggling to make that perfect silky milk for your espressos? Welcome to our comprehensive guide on how to froth milk. In this series, we'll cover the basics of frothing milk, stretching it properly for lattes, flat whites, or cappuccinos, and even delve into advanced techniques like pouring latte art and crafting the ultimate milk coffee. Today, we're kicking things off by focusing on the fundamentals of frothing milk and sharing some simple methods to help you practice and improve your skills. Let's get started!

Skip straight to our video tutorial here

Check out our downloadable home barista guide - available worldwide.

The Essentials

Before we dive into the techniques, let's make sure you have the necessary tools and ingredients:

  1. Milk: Start with full-fat milk for practice; you can explore alternative milk options later.

  2. Milk Frothing Jug: A 600ml jug is ideal for practice, but you can use different sizes depending on your needs.

  3. Dishwashing Liquid: For practicing frothing without wasting milk, use a drop of dishwashing liquid in water.

  4. Toothpick: A wooden toothpick is handy for adjusting steam pressure and controlling froth consistency.

  5. Thermometer: This helps ensure you reach the desired milk temperature.

  6. Cloth: Keep a cloth handy for cleaning and maintenance.

The Frothing Technique

Now, let's move on to the technique for frothing milk. The key is to create what's known as "microfoam" – a consistent matrix of tiny bubbles that add texture and creaminess to your milk. Here's how to do it:

  1. Purge: Before you begin, purge your steam wand to clear any residual water. This ensures a consistent steam flow.

  2. Steam Wand Position: Position your steam wand in the milk pitcher at a slight angle, ensuring it's not touching the sides of the jug.

  3. Steam Pressure: Use full steam power; avoid adjusting the steam pressure while frothing to maintain control.

  4. Temperature Control: Aim for a milk temperature between 60-65°C (140-149°F) for most drinks. You can go hotter if desired but aim for sweetness and creaminess.

  5. Froth Consistency: The goal is to create microfoam. You want fine, velvety bubbles rather than large, marshmallow-like ones.

  6. Swirling Technique: Assess your milk's consistency by swirling it in the jug. You should see small, evenly distributed bubbles along the sides.

  7. Finish and Clean: Turn off the steam wand when you reach your desired temperature, give the steam wand a quick wipe, and purge it one final time to keep it clean.

Controlling Froth with a Toothpick

If your machine has varying steam pressure, you can use a toothpick to help control the froth consistency. Here's how:

  1. Block One Steam Hole: Insert a wooden toothpick into one of the steam wand holes and snap it off, creating a partial blockage. This reduces steam pressure.

  2. Use the Toothpick: By blocking one hole, you'll slow down the steam flow, making it easier to create microfoam.

  3. Monitor the Froth: Follow the same frothing technique as mentioned earlier but with the toothpick in place. You'll notice a significant change in froth consistency.

  4. Remove the Toothpick: After practicing with the toothpick, remember to remove it and clean the steam wand thoroughly.


Frothing milk can be both an art and a science, and mastering it requires practice and patience. With the right techniques and tools, you can achieve the perfect silky microfoam for your coffee creations. Remember to experiment with different milk types and temperatures to find the balance that suits your taste buds.

Stay tuned for our upcoming articles in this series, where we'll delve into stretching milk for various coffee drinks, pouring latte art, and creating the ultimate milk coffee. Whether you're a barista in training or a home coffee enthusiast, these tips and techniques will help you elevate your coffee game to the next level. Happy frothing!

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published..

Select options